On the Writing Rule of Chinese Characters for the Mongolian Dative-Locative Suffixes in «Yüan-ch'ao pi-shi» and «Hua-i i-yü»

Hitoshi Kuribayashi
(Tohoku University)

The five Chinese characters 突, 途, 圖, 禿, and are used for the transcription of "tu" and "du" of Mongolian dative-locative suffixes -tur, -turiyan, -dur, -duriyan in "Yüan-ch'ao pi-shi (hereafter SH)" and "Hua-i i-yü (hereafter HIIY) ". According to Murayama (1961), there existed two principles upon which these characters should be written. In HIIY and the volumes 1-2 of SH, 突児, 途児, and 圖児 are added (1) to verbal nouns, (2) to words expressing human beings, human groups, and animals, and (3) to other words, respectively. On the other hand, in the volumes 3-12 of SH, 突舌児 and 都舌児 are added to stems ending in vowels, diphthongs and consonants n, ng, l, and m, whereas 途舌児 and 圖舌児 are added to stems ending in consonants γ, b, s, d, g, and r.

In this article, the author points out the fact that 突児, 途児, and 圖児 are used respectively with Chinese translations "時分・時 (at the time of ~)" "

(to ~)" "
(in ~)" in HIIY and the volumes 1-2 of SH. The correspondences are so consistent that we conclude that these Chinese characters were used on the basis of the meanings of the dative-locative suffixes which Chinese translations denoted. In the volumes 3-12, 途舌児 and 圖舌児 are added to stems ending in consonants γ, b, s, d, g, and r and at the same time they are used respectively with Chinese translations "
(to ~)" and "
(in ~)" to the exclusion of the volume 8. Here in the volumes 3-7, 9-12, we can confirm that the Chinese characters were written according to both the meanings of dative-locative suffixes and the final sounds of stems.

日本語の NVn 型の複合名詞-その形成と主語/題目-

平野 尊識 (山口大学)

Topic [(N) (N) N V] V
(Ni)  (Ni)

「かきまぜ」と LF の再構成

西垣内 泰介 (神戸松蔭女子学院大学大学院)

本論文は日本語で「かきまぜ」を受けた名詞句が LF での再構成 reconstruction により文中のさまざまな位置で解釈を受ける可能性があることを主張する.まず,移動を受けた名詞句は D 構造位置だけでなく CP や vP の「端」 (edge) で再構成を受けることを示す.この主張の基盤となるのは束縛とスコープに関わる事実である.次に,LF での再構成は束縛理論の制約を受けることを示す.再構成はさまざまな位置で名詞句を解釈することを許すが,その可能性の範囲は束縛条件 A と C によって狭められるのである.さらに,LF 再構成は指示の非透明性を引き出す動詞など,スコープに関与する要素と相互関係を持つが,このような関係も束縛条件によって制約される.

A Study of the Tangut Rhyme Dictionary
"文海寶韻 Wen-hai bao-yun"

Shintaro Arakawa
(Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science)

This volume is the first in-depth study of "文海寶韻 Wen-hai bao-yun" (manuscript), the unique Tangut rhyme dictionary, and contains a Tangut characters’ database supplied by the authors. The purpose of this review is to demonstrate the contributions the book makes to the development of the Tangut phonology, and also to point out some of the problems.

The major contributions of the present volume are the following:
(1) Prof. Shi Jin-bo has succeeded in establishing the relationship between two versions of "文海寶韻 Wen-hai bao-yun"(manuscript and xylograph). In conclusion, the manuscript was a simplified version of the xylograph.
(2) The data of 上声 shang-sheng Tangut characters, which have never been examined in detail, constitute the core of this volume.
(3) Prof. Shi Jin-bo has identified the 入声 ru-sheng Tangut characters. This contribution will have a great influence on the Tangut phonology.
As for (1), I basically agree with him, except for his demonstration on the date of editing the original version, about which I pointed out some problems. On the basis of (2), I have illustrated the correlation between the 平声 ping-sheng rhyme group No. 82 and the 上声 shang-sheng rhyme group No. 74. I have also added some details to (3). And I discuss the relationship between "文海寶韻 Wen-hai bao-yun", "文海寶韻雑類 Wen-hai bao-yun za-lei" and "音同 Yin-tong", which was not treated adequately in this book. Lastly, I have pointed out some problems in the database: word for word translation and phonetic transcription by Chinese characters.

Ping Li・Yasuhiro Shirai 2000 『語彙的アスペクトと文法的アスペクトの獲得』
Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter

白井 英俊 (中京大学/スタンフォード大学)
白井 純子 (中京大学/スタンフォード大学)


Jenkins, Lyle. Biolinguistics: Exploring the biology of language. Cambridge University Press, 2000, xiii+264pp.

藤田 耕司 (京都大学)